Where are all the cars? Comparing Singapore with Malaysia

9
2009

Anil Netto visited Singapore recently and came back wondering why urban planning here trails so far behind.

Some time ago, representatives of an established foreign university with linkages to Malaysia travelled to a few places around the country to guage what kind of a demand there would be for an urban planning course, which they thought could be introduced here. I heard they dropped the idea as there didn’t seem to be much of a clamour for such a planning course.

I was in Singapore over the weekend and one of the things that caught my eye was the urban planning in the island republic, which incidentally has a smaller land mass than Penang state.

Despite its population being over three times larger than Penang (5.6 million vs 1.7 million), Singapore does not appear as congested.

Take a look at this photo (above) of a typical public housing area packed with high-rise Housing Development Board apartment blocks. Unlike in Penang, it is quite rare to find residential tower blocks over 40 or 50 storeys in Singapore, except perhaps in the latest projects. And they are well maintained, equivalent to mid-range private condos in Malaysia.

Yes, it looks dense, but at ground level in Singapore, you don’t feel it. Instead, the visual impact is quite pleasing – lots of green spaces and shady trees between tower blocks. (This is unlike what you would find in KL and Penang, where much of the flat space is paved over or concretised or eaten up by parking bays.)

READ MORE:  Unlimited-travel pass should be for all

Take another look at the photo above, which speaks volumes. Look at the streets. Where are the cars? No cars parked along the road or outside the apartment blocks? Singaporeans are served by an excellent bus network, which is integrated and supplemented by a rail network. So 67% of commuters use public transport during peak hours – and the target is to increase this to 75%. (In contrast, only 4% of people in Penang use public transport – and the state wants to spend billions of ringgit more on highways.) No wonder Singapore has just 147 cars per thousand people compared with Malaysia’s 433 (2015).

Those cars in Singapore are tucked away discreetly in small multi-storey car parks next to the apartment blocks. Because public transport in Singapore is so good (except its MRT system has encountered some teething problems), many don’t feel the need to own a car. Private cars are expensive anyway mainly due to expensive ownership permits and congestion charges. What about visitors driving to these HDB apartments? They park in allotted spaces in the same multi-storey car parks as residents (though they have to pay about S$1.20 per hour).

And security guards and guardhouses and fencing? I didn’t see any in the area I was in. Instead there are only auto-barriers for vehicles at the entrance to the access roads leading to these highrise blocks. Taxis and visiting cars can easily drive through with a touch card. Most residents don’t seem too worried about security concerns or break-ins.

The roads are not particularly wide. But fewer cars on the road means they have more space for pedestrian walkways. These walkways are shielded from the sun by lots of trees (none of them badly butchered in the name of ‘pruning’) or the walkways could be covered, which makes it a lot more comfortable to walk from the apartments to the bus stops.

READ MORE:  Reveal evicted Penang tenants' incomes to prove they are no longer in bottom 40%

Imagine if this had been in Penang or KL. New 40-storey blocks would be sprouting all over the place, even in established low-rise neighbourhoods. Because public transport is so poor here, many households would have more than one car.

And these residents’ cars would be parked all over, spilling out beyond the front gate, along the streets. At many apartment blocks, the space allotted for visitors’ cars is limited, and these vehicles are then parked outside along the streets.

So this is what we get in Malaysia:

Cars everywhere in a typical Malaysian neighbourhood

Cars parked all over the congested streets are a blight on the visual streetscape and occupy space that could otherwise have been used for shady trees, pedestrian walkways, cycle lanes and green spaces.

Unlike in Singapore, it is stressful walking along the pavements in Malaysian cities, where you usually come across lots of obstacles and uneven paths, forcing you to walk on the road. These obstacles deter some from using the bus more frequently.

Look, I am no urban planner. But common sense tells me there are lots of lessons to be learned from Singapore or any other city that follows progressive urban planning principles and a proper plan.

But here we are, merrily approving residential skyscrapers all over the place (even though the total fertility rate has fallen below population replacement level) without giving much thought to the adequacy of supporting infrastructure. Here we are, planning for a third national car and more multi-billion ringgit highways instead of weaning folks away from their cars and making our streets more pedestrian-friendly.

READ MORE:  Focus on Penang public transport, not highways, says expert

Sometimes proper planning is thrown out of the window altogether when vested interests get into the act. For instance, at one local council workshop to discuss a long overdue draft local plan, representatives from a property developer were present and actually trying to influence the zoning of a site which civil society groups wanted to preserve.

All said, we badly need more progressive urban planning, that’s for sure. For that to happen, we first need more urban planners (qualified from recognised universities, that is!) in local, state and federal governments. And then we need to curb those vested interests.

Thanks for dropping by! Apart from the views expressed in Aliran's media statements and the NGO statements we have endorsed, the opinions in other pieces published here do not necessarily reflect Aliran's official position.

Our voluntary writers work hard to keep these articles free for all to read. But we do need funds to support our struggle for Justice, Freedom and Solidarity. To maintain our editorial independence, we do not carry any advertisements; nor do we accept funding from dubious sources. If everyone reading this was to make a donation, our fundraising target for the year would be achieved within a week. So please consider making a donation of whatever amount you can afford to sustain Aliran. Please make payments to Persatuan Aliran Kesedaran Negara, CIMB Bank account number 8004240948.

And why not become an Aliran member or subscribe to our FREE newsletters.

9
Join the conversation

avatar
750
5 Comment threads
4 Thread replies
0 Followers
 
Most reacted comment
Hottest comment thread
7 Comment authors
Alimi SaidZulfikar AzizMalayan BoeyAnil NettoJoshua Woo Recent comment authors
  Subscribe  
newest oldest most voted
Notify of
Alimi Said
Alimi Said

Orang Melayu khususnya di Pulau Pinang diseru supaya bermuafakat dalam mengekalkan kampung-kampung warisan yang sedia ada supaya tidak lenyap ditelan arus pembangunan. #TolakPil #SavePenang

Minta tolong selamatkan kampung2 kami!!!!

Pil1(Pan-island-link1) – Lebuhraya mega
Kampung Manggis
Kampung Baru Sungai Ara
Masjid Al-Huda

Zenith (Package 1)
Batu Feringghi Muslim Cemetery
Kampung Batu Feringghi
Kampung Keling
Kampung Teluk Bahang
Sekolah Kebangsaan Teluk Bahang

Zenith (Package 2)
Kampung Melayu
Kampung Pisang
Flat Kampung Kastam

Zenith (Package 3)
Masjid Rawana
Khan Muhammad Khan
Jalan Sungai Pinang

Dear all, please help to save Penang’s hills & rivers by signing our petition > https://goo.gl/RCWFJR

Alimi Said
Alimi Said

Pendapatan setahun MBPP (#PulauPinang) RM300mil pun digunakan untuk bina #BukitKukus highway untuk pemaju yang sudah beli tanah di situ untuk perumahan hartanah. Kenapa? Ini duit rakyat.
#TolakPil #LovePenang #SavePenang

>The 2017 Auditor-General’s Report showed that MBPP’s deficit had risen to RM98.61 million compared to just RM1.41 million in 2016 – a staggering 6893.6% deficit.

It seem that the council had undertaken large infrastructure projects which realistically it could not afford, such as the Bukit Kukus paired road project which recently saw a major landslide. The council is seem that spending too much money on state-directed projects whereby the state is asking for such projects and the council is paying them?Why???

Joshua Woo
Joshua Woo

The author onveniently missed out or ignored the following:

1) Singapore’s land area expanded at least 16% through reclamation since 1965.

2) Singapore has decided to build the MRT in the 1980s despite strong objection against it in favour of BRT.

3) Singapore already has 10 expressways and is still building the 11th expressway that costs RM23 billion, the North-South Corridor.

The author objects to all these 3 similar efforts in Penang.

Malayan Boey
Malayan Boey

What is 16% increase in land area compared to the difference in population size? Singapore takes the best of both MRT and equivalent of BRT to make it work. Yes, Singapore do have many expressways but is meant to ease movement of goods & services not for private single-driver vehicles.

Zulfikar Aziz
Zulfikar Aziz

Joshua conveniently missed out or ignored the following :
1. 67% public transport modal against Penang’s miserably low 4% with bus being main mode of public transport. How often do we hear CM or state leadership putting their hearts into improving public transport in Penang? Most it will be denial of responsibility by putting the blame on federal govt.
2. 3 times car density in Penang compared to Singapore more due to poor public transport system in penang and unfortunately this has resulted in default of car instalment payment being top 3 causes of bankruptcy in Malaysia.
3. Proper parking of cars in Singapore against car parking haphazardly in Penang causing spillover to public roads leading to congestion.
4.Penang govt neglect pedestrian

Alimi Said
Alimi Said

hi DAP Strategic Comm lead, dont bull… here… Singapore dont have many ELEVATED expressway…in fact we have too many expressways than them.. theirs also not alike our state govem planned mega highways of Zenith & Pan Island Link (Pil) that will ruin our bukit bukau (hills), rivers & also our kampung kampung melayu. dont challenge us bro…

Wqt
Wqt

Yes we need MORE discussions about urban planning of the country. In KL where I stay, the overall landscape has become so so ugly. Constructions are everywhere, MRT aside, many other shopping malls and expensive condos are coming. but no gardens, libraries, public spaces to be seen. We really need to talk about what kind of city we want to live in.

Nair
Nair

It all boils back to the Education standards of our Town Planners, Local Councils and Authorities who are approving projects.