Rampasan e-sisa secara besar-besaran berikutan maklumat daripada kumpulan pemerhati sisa global (Malay/English)

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[ENGLISH VERSION BELOW] Selepas menerima maklumat terperinci daripada Basel Action Network (BAN) yang berpangkalan di Seattle, kumpulan pemerhati global yang berusaha untuk mencegah pembuangan sisa toksik oleh negara perindustrian kaya ke negara membangun, kerajaan Malaysia mengumumkan bahawa mereka menahan 301 daripada 453 kontena antara mod yang dikenal pasti oleh BAN.

Daripada jumlah itu, 106 didapati mengandungi sisa elektronik haram (e-sisa).

Dalam sidang media di Klang, Malaysia, Menteri Alam Sekitar, Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad menyatakan penghargaan atas kerjasama BAN dan menyatakan bahawa 200 kontena lagi masih perlu dibuka dan diperiksa.

BAN amat aktif dalam isu pemerdagangan e-sisa sejak 2002 apabila mereka pertama kali mendedahkan kewujudan laluan eksport besar-besaran dari Amerika Utara, Eropah dan Jepun ke Guiyu, China, di mana komputer, pencetak dan skrin dihancurkan, dibakar, disiram dengan asid dan dileburkan dalam operasi yang sangat mencemarkan.

Sejak itu, BAN membawa perhatian global kepada krisis e-sisa dan bekerjasama dalam Konvensyen Basel PBB yang mewajibkan negara untuk mengawal ketat perdagangan sisa berbahaya atau bermasalah seperti e-sisa.

BAN memainkan peranan penting dalam memastikan tanah besar China dan kemudiannya Hong Kong melarang import e-sisa.

“Kami mengalu-alukan peluang untuk membantu kerajaan Malaysia dengan perisikan penguatkuasaan yang berkualiti tinggi supaya mereka boleh menjalankan tugas mereka untuk menahan penghantaran ini dan menangkap mana-mana rakan sejenayah, termasuk pengarah syarikat dan pegawai yang terlibat di pihak mereka,” kata Jim Puckett, pengarah eksekutif BAN.

“Kami juga akan melakukan semua yang kami mampu untuk memastikan bahawa kerajaan Amerika Syarikat mengambil semula kontena-kontena ini, dan pengeksport dipertanggungjawabkan.”

Tugas untuk mendakwa pengeksport AS adalah penting, tetapi sukar kerana AS adalah salah satu daripada beberapa negara di dunia yang tidak meratifikasi Konvensyen Basel. Di bawah konvensyen ini, pemerdagangan haram e-sisa berbahaya dianggap sebagai perbuatan jenayah.

Namun begitu, BAN telah dapat mencari keadilan dengan bekerjasama dengan Jabatan Kehakiman AS untuk mengenakan bayaran kepada pengitar semula AS yang memperdagangkan e-sisa dengan penipuan dan jenayah lain.

BAN juga mewujudkan pensijilan industri yang dikenali sebagai e-Stewards untuk mempromosikan kitar semula beretika di AS yang telah bersetuju untuk beroperasi seolah-olah AS telah meratifikasi Konvensyen Basel.

BAN menggesa semua pengguna dan perniagaan Amerika Syarikat untuk menggunakan hanya syarikat yang diperakui e-Stewards untuk memproses e-sisa dan dengan itu memastikan bahawa komputer dan telefon lama mereka tidak akan dibuang di negara membangun.

BAN menggunakan penjejak GPS dan teknik lain untuk mengesan aliran e-sisa di seluruh dunia.

Mereka juga bekerjasama rapat dengan NGO nasional di negara sasaran untuk menjalankan siasatan di lapangan terhadap pengimport dan pemprosesan haram. Dalam kes ini, selain kerajaan, mereka juga memaklumkan rakan kongsi lama BAN iaitu Sahabat Alam Malaysia (SAM).

“Malaysia semakin menjadi tempat pembuangan sisa plastik dan sisa elektronik dari negara kaya seperti Amerika Syarikat,” kata Mageswari Sangaralingam, setiausaha kehormat, Sahabat Alam Malaysia.

“Kami memuji agensi penguatkuasaan Malaysia kerana bekerjasama dengan NGO di peringkat nasional dan antarabangsa untuk menamatkan pemerdagangan sisa, dan menggesa mereka supaya lebih berwaspada terhadap kemungkinan berlakunya rasuah.

“Kontena itu bukan sahaja perlu dihantar balik tetapi semua syarikat dan individu yang memperdagangkan atau membolehkan e-sisa dan sisa plastik haram ini mestilah dipertanggungjawabkan.”

Menurut BAN, perdagangan global dalam sisa berbahaya yang terus membahayakan pekerja, komuniti dan alam sekitar di negara membangun sementara membenarkan Utara Global mengelak kos, adalah satu penghinaan terhadap keadilan alam sekitar dan ekonomi sirkular yang beretika.

Individu, perniagaan dan kerajaan mestilah berwaspada terhadap pelaku yang tidak bertanggungjawab dalam rantaian pelupusan sisa dan memastikan sisa diurus secara beretika dan yang paling penting, diminimumkan. – SAM

English version

Massive e-waste seizure in Malaysia follows tip-off from global waste watchdog group

After receiving detailed alerts by the Seattle-based Basel Action Network (BAN), a global watchdog group working to prevent the dumping of toxic wastes by rich industrialised countries on developing countries, the Malaysian government announced recently it detained 301 of the 453 intermodal containers BAN had identified in its alerts.

Of these, 106 were found to contain illegal electronic waste (e-waste).

In a press conference in Klang, Malaysia, Environment Minister Nik Nazmi Nik Ahmad expressed appreciation for BAN’s collaboration and noted that another 200 containers remain to be opened and inspected.

BAN has been active on the issue of e-waste trafficking since 2002, when it first revealed the existence of a massive export pathway from North America, Europe and Japan to Guiyu, China – where computers, printers and screens were smashed, burned, flushed with acids and smelted in highly polluting operations.

Since then, BAN has brought global attention to the e-waste crisis and has worked within the UN’s Basel Convention that obliges countries to strictly control the trade of hazardous or problematic waste such as e-waste.

BAN was instrumental in ensuring that mainland China and later Hong Kong prohibited e-waste imports.

“We welcome the opportunity to assist the Malaysian government with high quality enforcement intelligence so they can do their job to detain these shipments and arrest any accomplices, including company directors and complicit officials on their side,” said Jim Puckett, BAN executive director.

“We will also do all we can to see that the US government takes these containers back and that exporters are held to account.”

The task of prosecuting the US exporters is an important one, but difficult because the US is one of the very few countries in the world that has not ratified the Basel Convention. Under the convention, the illegal trafficking of hazardous e-waste is considered a criminal act.

Nevertheless, BAN has been able to seek justice by working with the US Department of Justice to charge US recyclers that were trafficking e-waste with fraud and other crimes.

BAN also created an industry certification scheme known as e-Stewards to promote ethical recyclers in the US that have agreed to operate as if the US had ratified the Basel Convention.

BAN urges all American consumers and businesses to use only e-Stewards-certified companies to process e-waste and thus be certain that their old computers and phones do not end up being dumped in developing countries.

BAN uses GPS trackers and other techniques to trace the flows of e-waste across the globe.

It also works closely with national NGOs in target countries to conduct field investigations of illegal importers and processors. In this case, in addition to the government, it also notified long-time partner Sahabat Alam Malaysia (Friends of the Earth).

“Malaysia is increasingly becoming a dumping ground for plastic and electronic wastes from rich countries like the US,” said Mageswari Sangaralingam, honorary secretary of Sahabat Alam Malaysia.

“We applaud our enforcement agencies for working with NGOs nationally and internationally to end waste trafficking and urge them to be vigilant against possible corruption.

“The containers must not only be sent back, but all companies and individuals trafficking or enabling illegal e-waste and plastic waste must be held accountable.”

According to BAN, the global trade in hazardous waste – which continues to harm workers, communities and the environment in developing countries while allowing the Global North to evade costs – is an affront to environmental justice and an ethical circular economy.

Individuals, businesses and governments must all be vigilant against unscrupulous actors in the waste disposal chain and ensure that waste is managed ethically and, most importantly, minimised. – SAM

The views expressed in Aliran's media statements and the NGO statements we have endorsed reflect Aliran's official stand. Views and opinions expressed in other pieces published here do not necessarily reflect Aliran's official position.
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