Sisters in Islam (SIS) welcomes with great earnest the efforts of Indonesia’s President Joko Widodo to sign a decree that would ban child marriage in the country, and strongly urges the Malaysian government to make positive steps to move in the same direction.
According to Unicef, 14% of girls in Indonesia are married before 18 and 1% marry before 15. Human Rights Watch reported that while the 1974 Marriage Law in Indonesia allows men and women to marry at 21, girls are allowed to marry at 16 and men to marry at 19 with parental permission. Parents can also ask religious courts of local officials to authorise marriages of girls even earlier, with no minimum age in such cases. Unicef reported that more than 90% of these exemption cases are accepted.
In Malaysia, the minimum age of marriage for non-Muslims is 18 for boys and girls. Exemptions, however, are allowed for girls as young as 16 to marry with the approval of the chief minister of the State. For Muslims, the minimum age for marriage for boys is 18 and for girls is 16. The Sharia Court, however, may approve the marriage of a child at any age. This means that by law, there is no minimum age for Muslims.
At the 69th Convention for the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination Against Women (Cedaw) session in Geneva earlier this year, the committee explicitly pointed out that in Malaysia, child marriages continue to be permitted under both the Law Reform (Marriage and Divorce) Act and Islamic family law, despite the withdrawal of Malaysia’s reservation of article 16 (2) of the Convention. The committee also voiced concern that the rate of child marriages in Malaysia continues to rise.
A proposal to amend the Sexual Offences Against Children bill to include a ban against child marriage was voted down by a majority in Parliament in April last year.
In fact, the National Human Rights Action Plan (NHRAP), launched by then Prime Minister Najib Razak in March this year, had proposed an action plan to updating the SOP for child marriage applications in Malaysia. This proposal is not only counter to safeguarding the welfare of the child, but dangerously strengthens child marriages as an institution in the country.
As reported by UnicefF, girls married at a young age are more vulnerable to intimate partner violence and sexual abuse, compared to those who marry later. The World Health Organisation also seriously highlights that “complications of pregnancy and childbirth are the leading causes of death in young women aged 15-19.”
WHO goes on to report that young girls who marry later and delay their pregnancy beyond their adolescence have a greater chance of staying healthier, going further in education, and building better lives for themselves and their families.
Given these social and economic repercussions of child marriages, Malaysia must act in the best interest of all children, Muslim and non-Muslim, and take positive and concrete steps towards putting an end to child marriage in the country, with no exceptions.
Sisters in Islam