Kesalahan menghendap akan melindungi nyawa (Malay/English)

WAO menggesa agar kementerian mempercepatkan proses meminda Kanun Keseksaan dan memperkenalkan perintah larangan menghendap dalam Kanun Jenayah Prosedur.

Photograph: Juan Pablo Serrano Arenas/Pexels

[ENGLISH VERSION BELOW] Pertubuhan Pertolongan Wanita (WAO) menggesa agar kerajaan menunjukkan komitmen untuk menjadikan menghendap sebagai satu jenayah.

Kami meminta agar Kementerian Pembangunan Wanita, Keluarga dan Masyarakat Rina Harun, Menteri Undang-Undang Takiyuddin Hassan dan Jabatan Perdana Menteri untuk memandang serius dengan kematian dan pengalaman traumatik yang
dialami oleh mangsa menghendap.

Pada 14 April 2020 yang lalu, seorang wanita telah mati ditikam oleh seorang lelaki yang dipercayai teman lelaki beliau. Mangsa juga pernah beberapa kali membuat laporan polis mengenai kejadian menghendap yang dialami, termasuklah kejadian pecah masuk rumah oleh pelaku sebelum ini sebulan sebelum pembunuhan berlaku.

Jelas sekali, hanya sedikit yang dilakukan untuk melindungi mangsa. Jika menghendap adalah jenayah, pelaku itu boleh ditangkap, dan polis boleh membantu mangsa untuk mendapatkan perintah perlindungan. Ini mungkin boleh menyelamatkan nyawa mangsa. Malangnya, kerajaan masih menangguhkan undang-undang yang kritikal ini.

Ini bukan kejadian terpencil. Pada bulan September 2020, seorang wanita hamil di Perak telah dicabul oleh penghendapnya, yang telah menyewa rumah di kawasan yang sama.

Pada 2018, Devi Surdarsani diekori oleh dua orang yang tidak dikenali selama tiga jam selepas membeli minum di KK Mart. Walaupun beliau telah memberitahu pihak polis, tidak banyak yang boleh dilakukan oleh pihak polis kerana tidak ada sentuhan fizikal yang berlaku.

Pada 2017, seorang lelaki telah menembak bekas isterinya di tempat kerja, di siang hari dalam kejadian membunuh-bunuh diri. Mangsa telah menukar kerja untuk melindungi diri dari penghendap iaitu bekas suaminya.

Menghendap merupakan pelakuan yang berbahaya dan bersifat obses yang boleh menyebabkan kehidupan mangsa terganggu dan akan menyebabkan tekanan yang melampau kerana kurangnya keselamatan di ruang awam.

Menurut tinjauan yang dijalankan oleh WAO melibatkan 1,008 rakyat Malaysia, satu pertiga pernah dihendap dan menyebabkan ketakutan; 17% pernah dihendap dan mengakibatkan kecederaan dan 12% pernah dihendap dan diugut serta mengakibat kecederaan.

Lebih dari 70% kejadian ini melibatkan mangsa didekati sama ada di rumah, tempat kerja atau sekolah – yang kita anggap sebagai ruang selamat. Ini sangat berbahaya, invasif dan boleh mengakibatkan serangan seksual dan pembunuhan.

Tahun lalu, jawatankuasa anti-menghendap yang terdiri daripada agnesi kerajaan, WAO dan Majlis Peguam telah menyiapkan kertas cadangan mengesyorkan agar menghendap dijadikan sebagai satu jenayah. Draf kertas kabinet juga telah disediakan oleh Bahagian Hal Ehwal Undang-Undang di Jabatan Perdana Menteri. Reformasi undang-undang juga mendapat sokongan pelbagai pihak.

Banyak kerja telahpun dilakukan dan semua pihak yang berkepentingan juga bersetuju. Mengapa kerajaan masih menangguhkan undang-undang yang boleh menyeamatkan nyawa ini?

Dengan peningkatan kes keganasan yang berkaitan menghendap, WAO menggesa agar kementerian mempercepatkan proses meminda Kanun Keseksaan dan memperkenalkan perintah larangan menghendap dalam Kanun Jenayah Prosedur. Kami juga meminta agar menghendap dijenayahkan bagi melindungi nyawa dari jenayah yang tidak dilihat ini. Dengan berbuat demikian, kita mampu menjadikan Malaysia selamat untuk semua.

English version

Stalking offence will protect lives

The Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO) urges the government to uphold its commitment to making stalking a crime.

We call on Minister for Women, Family and Community Development Rina Harun, de facto law minister Takiyuddin Hassan and the Prime Minister’s Office to take seriously the fatal and traumatic experiences of victims of stalking.

On 14 April, a woman was stabbed to death by a man believed to be her boyfriend. The victim had made numerous police reports about stalking incidents, including break-ins from the man in the past with the most recent occurring a month before her murder.

Clearly, very little was done to protect her. If stalking was a crime, the man would have been arrested, and the police would have helped the victim get a protection order. This could have saved her life. Unfortunately, the government has continued to delay this critical law reform.

This is not an isolated incident. In September 2020, a pregnant woman in Perak was molested by her stalker, who had rented a home in the same neighbourhood.

In 2018, Devi Surdarsani was followed by two strangers for three hours after buying a drink at KK Mart. Despite informing the police, there was little done as there was no physical contact.

In 2017, a man shot his ex-wife at her workplace, in broad daylight in a murder-suicide incident. The victim had changed jobs to protect herself against her stalker ex-husband.

The system has consistently failed women with its lack of protective measures against stalking. It is deeply concerning that many women are reluctant to report incidents, as they are not an offence punishable by law. Instead, victims and survivors are left to live with the trauma and fear for their lives or are brutally murdered.

Stalking consists of harmful, obsessive behaviour that disrupts the lives of victims and causes extreme distress due to a lack of safety in public spaces. According to a survey by the WAO involving 1,008 Malaysians, a third have experienced stalking that instilled fear, 17% have experienced stalking resulting in harm and 12% were stalked and threatened with harm.

Over 70% of these incidents involve victims being approached at their homes, workplaces, or schools – in what are meant to be safe spaces. This is dangerous, invasive, and can result in sexual assault or murder.

Last year, an “anti-stalking committee” comprising government agencies, the WAO, and the Bar Council prepared a policy paper recommending stalking to be made a crime. A draft cabinet paper was prepared by the Legal Affairs Division of the Prime Minister’s Department. The reform has multipartisan support.

All the work has been done and all relevant stakeholders agree. Why is the government sitting on this life-saving reform?

In light of the increase of stalking-related violence, the WAO urges the ministry to expedite this process by amending the Penal Code and introducing restraining orders against stalkers in the Criminal Procedure Code. We urgently call for the criminalisation of stalking to protect lives from this invisible crime. In doing so, we can create a safer Malaysia for all.

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