Desakan segera peranan wanita membanteras ekstremisme dalam Islam (BM/ENG)

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[ENGLISH VERSION BELOW] Wanita harus segera diberi peranan berserta mempunyai pengaruh peribadi dalam menghadapi gejala ekstremisme melampau walaupun berdepan pelbagai tentangan dan rintangan. Lapuran daripada Sisters in Islam.

Ekstremisme yang berterusan tidak harus dibiarkan lagi, kata Marina Mahathir.

“Mereka yang di barisan hadapan ekstremisme dalam Islam, seringkali kurang diberi perhatian. Masalah ini harus diberikan tumpuan utama dalam usaha untuk mengekang ekstremisme. Ini termasuk kononnya mengukur kemewahan dan kejayaan seseorang lelaki itu, daripada isteri-isteri yang dikahwininya. Begitu juga terhadap wanita yang diaibkan di khalayak ramai kerana tidak berhijab, ulasan dalam media mengenai kononnya berhijab adalah normal,” kata Marina.

Tambah beliau, suara wanita hilang dari naratif anti-ekstremis kerana beberapa sebab. Contohnya, pelakunya kebiasaannya lelaki dan mangsa mereka wanita. Kaum lelaki dan wanita masih mengekalkan konsep lelaki itu harus memiliki kegagahan dan wanita harus mempunyai ciri-ciri feminin. Dalam diam, wanita seringkali berdepan dengan penyalahgunaan keganasan.

“Tiada titik temu antara apa yang diharapkan wanita Muslim dan apa yang mereka alami dalam realiti. Terutama sekali ketidakmampuan mereka untuk mencabar realiti kehidupan. Kita diajar bahawa apa pun terjadi, kita terpaksa menerimanya dan tiada cara ia akan berubah,” tambah Marina.

Kaum lelaki lazimnya terlepas dari hukuman setelah melakukan kekejaman terhadap wanita. Mangsa dikatakan tiada kuasa untuk mengubah keadaan. Mereka diabaikan baik di media cetak mahupun dalam talian. Mereka turut dihina ketika khutbah Jumaat dan dipaksa untuk mempertahankan diri di mahkamah apabila mereka melakukan hal yang sama.

Marina menyampaikan ucaptama pada persidangan antarabangsa “Islam DiPertahankan: Wanita Bangkit Menentang Ekstremisme” di Kuala Lumpur yang dianjurkan oleh Sisters in Islam (SIS) dan dihadiri oleh anggota organisasi masyarakat dari lebih dari 14 negara dari Asia Tenggara, Asia Selatan dan negara-negara dimana Islam adalah minoriti.

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Turut hadir ialah ketua delegasi Kesatuan Eropah ke Malaysia, Maria Fernandez Castillo, pengarah eksekutif Musawah, Zainah Anwar, dan pengarah eksekutif SIS, Rozana Isa.

Marina berkata persidangan ini adalah peluang penting untuk membincangkan kemungkinan penyelesaian penghijrahan ekstremisme, sama ada kemiskinan atau pendidikan atau sebaliknya – terutama sekali apabila wanita seringkali menjadi mangsa dan menderita akhirnya.

Rozana mengulangi panggilan Marina untuk wanita bersuara dengan lebih kuat. “Desakan mereka yang mahu menentukan maksud Islam untuk semua kini semakin ketara. Idea dan tanggapan bahawa seorang wanita yang menuntut haknya dilihat tidak Islamik. Kumpulan hak wanita diarah berdiam, malah sekarang dengan sangsi undang-undang. Apa yang hendak dilakukan harus dibuat secara senyap-senyap. Dan ada kala mereka tidak diberi ruang di sisi undang-undang.”

Persidangan tersebut juga menyaksikan pelancaran tinjauan menyeluruh di seluruh negara bertajuk “Persepsi dan Realiti: Orang Awam dan Hak-Hak Peribadi Wanita Islam di Malaysia”. Ia dijalankan untuk meneroka kefahaman dan semua pengalaman yang berteraskan kesamaan di kalangan wanita Islam. Tinjauan ini ditugaskan oleh SIS untuk dilaksanakan oleh IPSOS.


English version

Call to pay urgent attention to women’s roles as prime resistors of Muslim extremism

“Muslim women’s roles and personal agency in the fight against rising extremism must be given urgent attention despite the continuing antagonism and vilification it brings,” said Marina Mahathir.

“Women as prime resistors of Muslim extremism is a topic greatly underserved, and important to focus on, in the drive to curb increasing normalisation of extremist behaviour. These include viewing multiple wives as a measure of a man’s wealth and success, the public shaming of women not wearing the hijab and the increasing media depiction of wearing the niqab as normal,” said Marina.

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She added that women’s voices are missing from anti-extremist narratives for a number of reasons, such as perpetrators being largely male and their victims female and that both women and men maintain stereotypical models of male strength and female submissiveness and silence, however violent the abuse.

“There is a disconnect between what Muslim women expect and what happens to them, particularly their inability for them to challenge the realities of life. We are taught that we are forced to live with it, that things cannot change,” said Marina.

While groups of Muslim men often get away with standing up for their rights, women, on the other hand, are vilified in print or online, berated during Friday sermons and forced to defend themselves in court when they pursue the same.

Marina was delivering the keynote address at the international conference “Islam Unsurrendered: Women Rising Against Extremism” in Kuala Lumpur, organised by Sisters in Islam (SIS) and attended by members of civil society organisations from over 14 countries from South East Asia, South Asia and Muslim-minority countries.

Also present was the head of the European Union delegation to Malaysia, Maria Fernandez Castillo, Musawah executive director Zainah Anwar and SIS executive director Rozana Isa.

Marina added this conference was an important opportunity to discuss potential mitigating solutions to extremism, whether poverty or education or otherwise, and specifically why women are the ones to suffer the most.

Rozana echoed Marina’s call for louder women’s voices. “The narratives of those defining Islam for all of us are getting louder. Ideas and notions of a woman claiming her rights are seen as un-Islamic. Women’s groups are told to be silent, and are also made silent legally.”

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The conference also saw the launch of a national survey titled “Perceptions and Realities: The Public and Personal Rights of Muslim Women in Malaysia” conducted to explore the understanding and experiences of the concept of equality amongst Muslim women, commissioned by SIS and conducted by IPSOS.

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