80 NGO menuntut Maria dibebaskan/80 NGOs demand Maria’s release

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GBM menuntut Maria dibebaskan, Sosma dimansuhkan

Kami, pertubuhan-pertubuhan masyarakat madani yang berikut, mengutuk sekeras-kerasnya penahanan pengerusi Bersih 2.0 Maria Chin Abdullah pada 18 November 2016 untuk 28 hari di bawah Akta Keselamatan Dalam Negeri (ISA) yang baru – Akta Kesalahan Keselamatan (Langkah-Langkah Khas) 2012 (Sosma) yang zalim. (English version below)

Kami menegaskan hak untuk berhimpun dengan aman dan hak bersuara adalah dijamin di dalam Perlembagaan Persekutuan. Perhimpunan Bersih 5 telah dijalankan secara aman tanpa sebarang kejadian yang tidak diingini walaupun menghadapi keganasan and provokasi yang berulangkali dari penyokong-penyokong baju merah sebelum perhimpunan.

Tindakan polis menahan pemimpin-pemimpin masyarakat madani dan parti pembangkang sebelum mereka dapat menggunakan hak Perlembagaan mereka bukan sahaja berniat jahat, tetapi juga satu penyalahgunaan kuasa yang jelas yang bertentangan dengan Perlembagaan Persekutuan.

Kami juga teramat marah dengan pengunaan Sosma terhadap Maria Chin Adullah. Apabila Sosma digubalkan pada 2012 untuk menggantikan ISA yang telah dimansuhkan akibat kezalimannya dan ditentang oleh orang ramai, kerajaan memberi keyakinan kepada rakyat bahawa undang-undang baru ini yang memberi kuasa yang luas kepada polis hanya akan digunakan untuk melawan terroris dan “tiada seorang pun boleh ditangkap dan ditahan semata-mata atas kepercayaan politiknya atau aktiviti politiknya”.

Ahli-ahli parlimen yang tidak mendengar kritikan-kritikan masyarakat madani terhadap Sosma dan meluluskannya dalam parlimen perlu mengambil tanggungjawab terhadap tindakan mereka.

Sudah jelas Maria Chin Abdullah bukan seorang terroris. Penggunaan Sosma terhadap Maria Chin Abdullah untuk menghalangnya daripada meminpin perhimpunan Bersih 5, dan sebelum itu terhadap Khairuddin Abu Hassan dan Matthias Chang untuk menghalang mereka daripada membuat laporan korupsi 1MDB di luar negara, telah membuktikan bahawa apabila kuasa sebegitu besar diberikan kepada kerajaan, mereka tidak akan teragak-agak unutk menggunakannya untuk menutup penyalahgunaan kuasa dan korupsi dalam kerajaan

Kami menegaskan kerisauan kami bahawa jangkamasa penahanan yang sepangjang 28 hari dibawah Sosma dengan akses terhad terhadap peguam dan ahli-ahli keluarga adalah satu pelanggaran hak asasi manusia yang jelas dibawah undang-undang hak asasi manusia antarabangsa.

Perjanjian Antarabangsa mengenai Hak Sivil dan Politik memperuntukan bahawa tiada seorang pun boleh ditangkap dan ditahan sewenang-wenangnya, dan sesiapa yang ditangkap dan ditahan untuk kesalahan jenayah perlu dibawa dengn segera ke hadapan seorang hakim atau pengawai kehakiman yang diberi kuasa di bawah undang-undang untuk melaksanakan kuasa kehakiman dan mendapat penghakiman dalam satu jangkamsa yang munasabah ataupun dibebaskan.

Penahanan sepanjang 28 hari tanpa pengawasan kehakiman dan akses kepada peguam dan ahli-ahli keluarga yang amat terhad hanya akan menyumbang kepada berlakunya tindakan penderaan secara mental atau fizika atau kedua-duanya.

Kami mengutuk penggunaan tempat penahanan rahsia oleh pihak polis dalam penahanan Maria Chin Abdullah. Penggunaan tempat penahanan rahsia tidak boleh diterima dalam mana-mana masyarakat yang bertamadun.

Semua tempat penahanan perlu disenaraikan secara terbuka dan boleh diawasi oleh orang ramai untuk memastikan pengendaliannya mengikut undang-undang dan hak-hak mereka yang ditahan.

READ MORE:  Giant leap for rights of accused persons and in the quest for legal, institutional reforms

Oleh yang demikian, kami amat risau dengan keadaan mental and fizikal Maria Chin Abdullah yang dikurung secara persendirian dalam satu bilik penahanan tanpa apa-apa tingkap dan lampu sentiasa terbuka secara 24 jam. Keadaan penahanan sebegini adalah tidak berperikemanusiaan dan merupakan satu bentuk penderaan dibawah undang-undang hak asasi manusia antarabangsa.

Kami menuntut Maria Chin Abdullah dibebaskan dengan segera tanpa sebarang syarat.

Kami menuntut Maria Chin Abdullah diberi akses kepada peguam dan ahli-ahli keluarga tanpa sekatan semasa beliau dibawah penahanan.

Kami menuntut pihak berkuasa untuk mempelihara dan memastikan Maria Chin Abdullah dalam keadaaan mental dan fizikal yang baik semasa dalam penahanan dan beliau diberikan perkhidmatan perubatan dengan segera jikalau keadaan memerlukan.

Kami meminta Suruhanjaya Hak Asasi Manusia (Suhakam) untuk melawat Maria Chin Abdullah di tempat penahanan rahsia secara berkala untuk memastikan hak dan kesihatan beliau dalam keadaan yang baik.

Kami mendesak ketua polis negara untuk bertindak dengan professional dan telus dalam melaksanakan undang-undang dan menuntut kerajaaan memansuhkan Sosma.

English version

We, the undersigned civil society organisations, strongly condemn the detention of Bersih 2.0 chairperson Maria Chin Abdullah on 18 November 2016 for 28 days under the new ‘Internal Security Act’ – the draconian Security Offence (Special Measures) Act 2012 (Sosma).

We reiterate that the rights to freedom of peaceful assembly and freedom of expression of the people are guaranteed by the Federal Constitution. The Bersih 5 rally had been very peaceful and conducted without any untoward incident despite repeated violence and provocation from the red shirts before the rally.

The police action in arresting leaders of civil society movements and opposition parties before they could exercise their constitutional rights is not only mala fide but also a blatant abuse of power in violation of the Federal Constitution.

We are further outraged with the use of the draconian Sosma against Maria Chin Adullah. When Sosma was legislated in 2012 to replace the infamous ISA which was abolished after widespread opposition from the people, the government assured the public that the new legislation that gave extensive powers to the police would only be used against terrorists and that “no person shall be arrested and detained for his or her political beliefs and activities.”

Those members of parliament that ignored the criticism of civil society and passed the law should now be held accountable.

Clearly, Maria Chin Abdullah is no terrorist. The use of Sosma against Maria Chin Abdullah to stop her from leading the Bersih 5 rally and previously against Khairuddin Abu Hassan and Matthias Chang to stop them from lodging complaints of corruption in 1MDB overseas have proven that when such powerful legislation is given to the government, it will not hesitate to use it to cover up abuse of power and corruption in government.

READ MORE:  Provision in Sosma denying bail held to be unconstitutional 

We reiterate our concern that the prolonged 28 days of detention under Sosma with limited access to legal representation and family is a blatant violation of international human rights laws.

The International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights provides that no one should be subject to arbitrary arrest and detention and that anyone arrested or detained on a criminal charge shall be brought promptly before a judge or other officer authorised by law to exercise judicial power and shall be entitled to trial within a reasonable time or to be released.

The 28 days of prolonged detention without judicial oversight and disallowing detainees from having access to lawyers and family members will only facilitate the practice of torture, either mental or physical or both.

We condemn the use of a secret detention place by the police in detaining Maria Chin. The use of secret detention centres is totally unacceptable in a civilised society. All detention centres must be made public and subject to public scrutiny to ensure that they are operated in accordance with the law and the rights of detainees.

We are therefore extremely concerned with the mental and physical wellbeing of Maria Chin Abdullah, who is being held in solitary confinement in a cell with no windows and where the lights are kept on 24 hours. Such a detention environment is inhumane and constitutes a form of torture under international human rights law.

We demand the release of Maria Chin Abdullah immediately and unconditionally.

We demand that Maria Chin Abdullah have unlimited access to lawyers and her family members while under detention

We demand that the authorities preserve and ensure the mental and physical wellbeing of Maria Chin Abdullah while in detention and that she is accorded prompt medical treatment when required.

We call on the National Human Rights Commission to visit Maria Chin Abdullah regularly at the secret detention place to ensure her rights and wellbeing.

We call upon the inspector general of police to be more professional and transparent in upholding the law and demand that the government abolish the draconian Sosma.

Endorsers:

1. Akademi Belia
2. All Women’s Action Society (Awam)
3. Anak Muda Sarawak (AMS)
4. Angkatan Warga Aman Malaysia (WargaAman)
5. Article 19, London, United Kingdom
6. Association of Women Lawyers (AWL)
7. Baramkini
8. Bersih Sibu
9. Center for Orang Asli Concerns (COAC)
10. The Centre to Combat Corruption & Cronyism (C4)
11. Council of Churches of Malaysia (CCM)
12. Engage
13. G25
14. Greenfriends Sabah
15. Institut Kajian Dasar (IKD)
16. Islamic Renaissance Front (IRF)
17. Japan Graduates Association, Malaysia (Jagam)
18. Jaringan Orang Asal SeMalaysia (JOAS)
19. Jaringan Rakyat Tertindas (Jerit)
20. Jawatankuasa Bertindak Kuala Lumpur Tak Nak Insinerator
21. Jihad for Justice
22. Johor Yellow Flame (JYF)
23. Kuala Lumpur and Selangor Chinese Assembly Hall (KLSCAH)
24. Kuen Cheng Alumni Association
25. Kumpulan Aktivis Mahasiswa Independen (Kami)
26. LLG Cultural Development Centre (LLG)
27. Malaysians Against Death Penalty and Torture (Madpet)
28. Malaysian Indians Progressive Association (Mipas)
29. Malaysian Indians Transformation Action Team (Mitra)
30. Malaysian Network of Engaged Buddhists
31. Malaysian Physicians for Social Responsibility (MPSR)
32. Malaysia Youth & Students Democratic Movement (Dema)
33. Malaysian Youth Care Association (Prihatin)
34. Mama Bersih
35. Muslim Professionals Forum (MPF)
36. National Indian Rights Action Team (Niat)
37. Negeri Sembilan Chinese Assembly Hall (NSCAH)
38. One Race – Human Race
39. Oriental Hearts and Mind Study Institute (OHMSI)
40. Partners of Community Organizations in Sabah (Pacos Trust)
41. Pemuda Sosialis
42. People Welfare And Rights Organisation (Power)
43. Perak Women for Women Society (PWW)
44. Persatuan Aliran Kesedaran Negara (Aliran)
45. Persatuan Alumni PBTUSM Bahagian Utara
46. Persatuan Alumni PBTUSM Kuala Lumpur dan Selangor
47. Persatuan Bekas Siswazah Universiti dan Kolej di China, Malaysia (LiuHua)
48. Persatuan Kesedaran Komuniti Selangor (Empower)
49. Persatuan Masyarakat Sel dan Wilayah Persekutuan (Permas)
50. Persatuan Meditasi Prajna Kuala Lumpur & Selangor
51. Persatuan Penganut Buddha Bodhi Kuala Lumpur (PPBBKL)
52. Persatuan Rapat Malaysia (Rapat)
53. Persatuan Sahabat Wanita, Selangor (PSWS)
54. Pertubuhan IKRAM Malaysia (Ikram)
55. Pertubuhan Pembangunan Kebajikan Dan Persekitaran Positif Malaysia (Seed)
56. Projek Dialog
57. Pusat Komas
58. Raub Ban Cyanide Action Committee (BCAC)
59. Sabah Women’s Action Resource Group (Sawo)
60. Sahabat Rakyat
61. Sarawak Access (Saccess)
62. Save Open Space, Kota Kinabalu, Sabah
63. Saya Anak Bangsa Malaysia (SABM)
64. The Society for the Promotion of Human Rights (Proham)
65. Student Progressive Front USM
66. Student Progressive Front UUM
67. Sunflower Electoral Education Movement (Seed)
68. Sisters in Islam (Sis)
69. Suaram Malaysia
70. Tenaganita
71. Teoh Beng Hock Trust for Democracy
72. Tindak Malaysia (TM)
73. USM Tionghua Language Society
74. We Are Malaysians
75. Women’s Aid Organisation (WAO)
76. Women’s Centre for Change (WCC)
77. Women Development Organisation of Malaysia PJ branch
78. Writer Alliance for Media Independence (Wami)
79. Vajrayana Buddhist Council of Malaysia
80. Young Buddhist Association of Malaysia (YBAM)

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